State-Level Implications of Federal Tax Policies

Research Report: December 7, 2018

Chang Liu and Noah Williams, Center for Research on the Wisconsin Economy


The United States federal fiscal policy has differential impact across states. We construct a new quarterly state-level dataset that we use to analyze the impact of unexpected changes in federal personal and corporate income taxes. We find substantial heterogeneity across states, with more than half having no significant response to the tax cuts. In addition, less capital intensive states have larger responses to corporate tax cuts. Although puzzling in standard models, a model with corporate and non-corporate sectors is consistent with this evidence. Overall, our results suggest the importance of variation and reallocation across states in evaluating federal policy.

View full report